First of all it needs to be clarified that mushrooms are not vegetables, not fruits or animals. Due to this their nutritional value, nutrients, components are basically different from those of other fresh food. Average people rarely consume mushrooms, mainly as a speciality, but they can be useful part of any kind of diet. Apart from their low energy content they have countless dietary benefits. According to recent researches consuming mushrooms daily, at least once a day can have great effects on cholesterol level or the immune system. Moreover, mushrooms provide various basic vitamins and minerals for the body, having low calorie content they help maintain our healthy weight.
As modern gastronomy states that due to their natural glutamate content mushrooms have the ability to create the fifth taste, the “umami” discovered by Japanese researchers. Because of this feature, dishes prepared from mushrooms need less salt than others. The low salt intake reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Mushrooms are really low in calories, free from cholesterol and practically do not contain any kind of fat. Unlike vegetables they contain much more protein, their carbohydrate content is similar to tomatoes’.
Components in 100g champignons:
|Parameter, component||Quantity||Percentage of Daily Amount (RDA%)|
|Calory||22 kCal (92,1 kJ)||1%|
|Dietary fibre||1 g||4%|
|B1-vitamin (thiamin)||0,1 mg||5%|
|B2-vitamin (riboflavin)||0,4 mg||24%|
|B3-vitamin (nacin)||3,6 mg||18%|
|B5-vitamin (pantotenic acid)||1,5 mg||15%|
|B6-vitamin (piridoxin)||0,1 mg||5%|
|B8-vitamin (choline)||17,3 mg|
|Folic acid||16 µg||4%|
|B12-vitamin (cobalamin)||0,01 µg||1%|